Methamphetamine is a central nervous stimulant that can be taken orally, snorted, injected or smoked. Meth is highly addictive and when produced creates the potential for explosions and leaves behind hazardous waste materials that are costly to clean up. Children are increasingly being placed at risk.
Although both the 2009 Monitoring the Future survey and 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health indicated a decrease in usage by those 12 and older, the Kentucky State Police report that there were 716 meth labs in the commonwealth in 2009 – an all time high for the state, increasing 60 percent over the 2008 totals. UNITE is also seeing an increase in meth labs, particularly in the western counties of the Fifth Congressional District.
This reverses an earlier trend following the passage of Senate Bill 63, where meth labs decreased 50 percent over a three-year period.
Senate Bill 63
Senate Bill 63, which became effective June 21, 2005, was unanimously passed by Kentucky General Assembly after an outpouring of support from thousands of UNITE Coalition members. The bill was an effort to combat the growing problem of illegal methamphetamine use and manufacturing in Kentucky.
Essential provisions of the bill:
- Restricts the sale of cold remedies/decongestants in tablet or capsule form containing pseudoephedrine, ephedrine or phenylpropanolamine by requiring it to be dispensed only at pharmacies and requiring photo identification, a signature and address for purchase.
- Limits the amount of packages of products containing pseudoephedrine, ephedrine or phenylpropanolamine in tablet, caplet or powder form to no more than 9 grams in a 30-day period. This is the equivalent of 300 30mg tablets.
- Made it a felony for individuals who permit a child to be present near a hazardous chemical with the intent to manufacture a controlled substance. Penalties increase based on the child’s injuries or exposure.
- When it can be shown there is intent to produce methamphetamine, only two or more chemicals or items of equipment needed to produce methamphetamine need to be present in order to prosecute individuals for manufacturing.
- Requires Internet pharmacies to register with the Kentucky Board of Pharmacy in order to do business in the state and to use the KASPER drug-tracking system.
Do you want to know what active and waste products associated with methamphetamine labs look like? Download a PowerPoint presentation showing photos of actual “meth labs” found in southern and eastern Kentucky. Click here.
Read more facts about methamphetamine from the Office of National Drug Control Policy.